Effects of rotational velocity on microstructures and mechanical properties of surface compensation friction stir welded 6005A-T6 aluminum alloy


  • Xiangchen Meng Shenyang Aerospace University
  • Shuangsheng Gao
  • Lin Ma
  • Zhengwei Li
  • Yumei Yue
  • Hanlin Xiao


surface compensation friction stir welding, 6005A-T6 aluminum alloy, convex platform, mechanical property, ductile fracture


Surface compensation friction stir welding (SCFSW) is successfully applied to weld 6005A-T6 aluminum alloy in order to eliminate disadvantages caused by flash and arc corrugation. The effects of rotational velocity on the microstructures and mechanical properties of SCFSW joints are investigated. The joints with equal thickness with respect to the workpiece to be welded are obtained using 4 mm thick plates with a convex platform in this study. The results show that welding process parameters exert a significant influence on the microstructures of nugget zone (NZ). Tensile strength and elongation of joints are both firstly increased and then decreased with an increase in the rotational velocity from 800 rpm to 1500 rpm under a constant welding speed of 200 mm/min. When the rotational velocity is 1300 rpm, the tensile strength and elongation reach the maximum values of 226 MPa and 6.5%, which are 75% and 67% of base metal (BM), respectively. The fracture surface morphology represents the typical ductile fracture. The hardness of NZ is lower than that of BM and the lowest hardness of joint is located at thermo-mechanically affected zone (TMAZ) on the advancing side (AS).