Stress distribution at different deformation degrees in low carbon steel during cold deformation
Keywords:Low carbon steel, Thermography, Temperature change, Stress
AbstractThe temperature change, i.e. stresses of low carbon steel during the cold deformation process was investigated in this study. During static tensile test, temperature changes were examined using thermography at different deformation degrees. It was found that there are temperature changes in the deformation zone during the cold deformation. The increase in temperature changes in the deformation zone during cold deformation occurs with an increase in the deformation degree. The largest localization of temperature change was measured at the moment of the test sample fracture when the maximum temperature change was 8.45 °C. A higher amount of temperature change of 5.39 °C was determined at tensile strength compared to the proportionality limit amount of -0.97 °C. It was found that there are differences between the amounts of temperature changes in the range from 0.87 °C to 1.91 °C with increasing of deformation degree of the tested steel. Calculated stress amounts proved and show the tendency that stress amounts increase as the temperature change increases in low carbon steel by increasing of deformation degree during cold deformation. It was determined deviations of the calculated stress amounts due to using the mathematical model for low carbon with niobium at the start of plastic flow.
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