PROPERTIES OF THE CHEMICALLY ACTIVATED CARBON ANODE DUST
AbstractThe carbon anode dust (CAD) is waste material of the aluminium production industry. The chemical and mineralogical composition of CAD was examined by atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS) and the X-ray diffraction method (XRD), respectively. Surface area properties (specific surface area, average pore diameter, total pore volume) are determined by the Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) and Barrett-Joyner-Halenda (BJH) methods. Microscopic observation was conducted using scanning electron microscopy (SEM method). All of investigations were performed before and after chemical activation of CAD by KOH, ZnCl2 and by organic acids (acetic and citric). The results obtained suggest the positive effect of chemical activation on the chemical and structural properties of carbon anode dust as a potentially low-cost adsorbent.
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